Class yii\db\QueryBuilder

Inheritanceyii\db\QueryBuilder » yii\base\BaseObject
Implementsyii\base\Configurable
Subclassesyii\db\cubrid\QueryBuilder, yii\db\mssql\QueryBuilder, yii\db\mysql\QueryBuilder, yii\db\oci\QueryBuilder, yii\db\pgsql\QueryBuilder, yii\db\sqlite\QueryBuilder
Available since version2.0
Source Code https://github.com/yiisoft/yii2/blob/master/framework/db/QueryBuilder.php

QueryBuilder builds a SELECT SQL statement based on the specification given as a yii\db\Query object.

SQL statements are created from yii\db\Query objects using the build()-method.

QueryBuilder is also used by yii\db\Command to build SQL statements such as INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE, CREATE TABLE.

For more details and usage information on QueryBuilder, see the guide article on query builders.

Public Properties

Hide inherited properties

PropertyTypeDescriptionDefined By
$db yii\db\Connection The database connection. yii\db\QueryBuilder
$separator string The separator between different fragments of a SQL statement. yii\db\QueryBuilder
$typeMap array The abstract column types mapped to physical column types. yii\db\QueryBuilder

Protected Properties

Hide inherited properties

PropertyTypeDescriptionDefined By
$conditionBuilders array Map of query condition to builder methods. yii\db\QueryBuilder
$likeEscapeCharacter string|null Character used to escape special characters in LIKE conditions. yii\db\QueryBuilder
$likeEscapingReplacements array Map of chars to their replacements in LIKE conditions. yii\db\QueryBuilder

Public Methods

Hide inherited methods

MethodDescriptionDefined By
__call() Calls the named method which is not a class method. yii\base\BaseObject
__construct() Constructor. yii\db\QueryBuilder
__get() Returns the value of an object property. yii\base\BaseObject
__isset() Checks if a property is set, i.e. defined and not null. yii\base\BaseObject
__set() Sets value of an object property. yii\base\BaseObject
__unset() Sets an object property to null. yii\base\BaseObject
addCheck() Creates a SQL command for adding a check constraint to an existing table. yii\db\QueryBuilder
addColumn() Builds a SQL statement for adding a new DB column. yii\db\QueryBuilder
addCommentOnColumn() Builds a SQL command for adding comment to column. yii\db\QueryBuilder
addCommentOnTable() Builds a SQL command for adding comment to table. yii\db\QueryBuilder
addDefaultValue() Creates a SQL command for adding a default value constraint to an existing table. yii\db\QueryBuilder
addForeignKey() Builds a SQL statement for adding a foreign key constraint to an existing table. yii\db\QueryBuilder
addPrimaryKey() Builds a SQL statement for adding a primary key constraint to an existing table. yii\db\QueryBuilder
addUnique() Creates a SQL command for adding an unique constraint to an existing table. yii\db\QueryBuilder
alterColumn() Builds a SQL statement for changing the definition of a column. yii\db\QueryBuilder
batchInsert() Generates a batch INSERT SQL statement. yii\db\QueryBuilder
build() Generates a SELECT SQL statement from a yii\db\Query object. yii\db\QueryBuilder
buildAndCondition() Connects two or more SQL expressions with the AND or OR operator. yii\db\QueryBuilder
buildBetweenCondition() Creates an SQL expressions with the BETWEEN operator. yii\db\QueryBuilder
buildColumns() Processes columns and properly quotes them if necessary. yii\db\QueryBuilder
buildCondition() Parses the condition specification and generates the corresponding SQL expression. yii\db\QueryBuilder
buildExistsCondition() Creates an SQL expressions with the EXISTS operator. yii\db\QueryBuilder
buildFrom() yii\db\QueryBuilder
buildGroupBy() yii\db\QueryBuilder
buildHashCondition() Creates a condition based on column-value pairs. yii\db\QueryBuilder
buildHaving() yii\db\QueryBuilder
buildInCondition() Creates an SQL expressions with the IN operator. yii\db\QueryBuilder
buildJoin() yii\db\QueryBuilder
buildLikeCondition() Creates an SQL expressions with the LIKE operator. yii\db\QueryBuilder
buildLimit() yii\db\QueryBuilder
buildNotCondition() Inverts an SQL expressions with NOT operator. yii\db\QueryBuilder
buildOrderBy() yii\db\QueryBuilder
buildOrderByAndLimit() Builds the ORDER BY and LIMIT/OFFSET clauses and appends them to the given SQL. yii\db\QueryBuilder
buildSelect() yii\db\QueryBuilder
buildSimpleCondition() Creates an SQL expressions like "column" operator value. yii\db\QueryBuilder
buildUnion() yii\db\QueryBuilder
buildWhere() yii\db\QueryBuilder
canGetProperty() Returns a value indicating whether a property can be read. yii\base\BaseObject
canSetProperty() Returns a value indicating whether a property can be set. yii\base\BaseObject
checkIntegrity() Builds a SQL statement for enabling or disabling integrity check. yii\db\QueryBuilder
className() Returns the fully qualified name of this class. yii\base\BaseObject
createIndex() Builds a SQL statement for creating a new index. yii\db\QueryBuilder
createTable() Builds a SQL statement for creating a new DB table. yii\db\QueryBuilder
delete() Creates a DELETE SQL statement. yii\db\QueryBuilder
dropCheck() Creates a SQL command for dropping a check constraint. yii\db\QueryBuilder
dropColumn() Builds a SQL statement for dropping a DB column. yii\db\QueryBuilder
dropCommentFromColumn() Builds a SQL command for adding comment to column. yii\db\QueryBuilder
dropCommentFromTable() Builds a SQL command for adding comment to table. yii\db\QueryBuilder
dropDefaultValue() Creates a SQL command for dropping a default value constraint. yii\db\QueryBuilder
dropForeignKey() Builds a SQL statement for dropping a foreign key constraint. yii\db\QueryBuilder
dropIndex() Builds a SQL statement for dropping an index. yii\db\QueryBuilder
dropPrimaryKey() Builds a SQL statement for removing a primary key constraint to an existing table. yii\db\QueryBuilder
dropTable() Builds a SQL statement for dropping a DB table. yii\db\QueryBuilder
dropUnique() Creates a SQL command for dropping an unique constraint. yii\db\QueryBuilder
getColumnType() Converts an abstract column type into a physical column type. yii\db\QueryBuilder
hasMethod() Returns a value indicating whether a method is defined. yii\base\BaseObject
hasProperty() Returns a value indicating whether a property is defined. yii\base\BaseObject
init() Initializes the object. yii\base\BaseObject
insert() Creates an INSERT SQL statement. yii\db\QueryBuilder
renameColumn() Builds a SQL statement for renaming a column. yii\db\QueryBuilder
renameTable() Builds a SQL statement for renaming a DB table. yii\db\QueryBuilder
resetSequence() Creates a SQL statement for resetting the sequence value of a table's primary key. yii\db\QueryBuilder
selectExists() Creates a SELECT EXISTS() SQL statement. yii\db\QueryBuilder
truncateTable() Builds a SQL statement for truncating a DB table. yii\db\QueryBuilder
update() Creates an UPDATE SQL statement. yii\db\QueryBuilder

Protected Methods

Hide inherited methods

MethodDescriptionDefined By
buildCompositeInCondition() Builds SQL for IN condition. yii\db\QueryBuilder
buildSubqueryInCondition() Builds SQL for IN condition. yii\db\QueryBuilder
hasLimit() Checks to see if the given limit is effective. yii\db\QueryBuilder
hasOffset() Checks to see if the given offset is effective. yii\db\QueryBuilder
prepareInsertSelectSubQuery() Prepare select-subquery and field names for INSERT INTO . yii\db\QueryBuilder

Constants

Hide inherited constants

ConstantValueDescriptionDefined By
PARAM_PREFIX ':qp' The prefix for automatically generated query binding parameters. yii\db\QueryBuilder

Property Details

$conditionBuilders protected property

Map of query condition to builder methods. These methods are used by buildCondition() to build SQL conditions from array syntax.

protected array $conditionBuilders = ['NOT' => 'buildNotCondition''AND' => 'buildAndCondition''OR' => 'buildAndCondition''BETWEEN' => 'buildBetweenCondition''NOT BETWEEN' => 'buildBetweenCondition''IN' => 'buildInCondition''NOT IN' => 'buildInCondition''LIKE' => 'buildLikeCondition''NOT LIKE' => 'buildLikeCondition''OR LIKE' => 'buildLikeCondition''OR NOT LIKE' => 'buildLikeCondition''EXISTS' => 'buildExistsCondition''NOT EXISTS' => 'buildExistsCondition']
$db public property

The database connection.

public yii\db\Connection $db null
$likeEscapeCharacter protected property (available since version 2.0.12)

Character used to escape special characters in LIKE conditions. By default it's assumed to be \.

protected string|null $likeEscapeCharacter null
$likeEscapingReplacements protected property (available since version 2.0.12.)

Map of chars to their replacements in LIKE conditions. By default it's configured to escape %, _ and \ with \.

protected array $likeEscapingReplacements = ['%' => '\%''_' => '\_''\\' => '\\\\']
$separator public property

The separator between different fragments of a SQL statement. Defaults to an empty space. This is mainly used by build() when generating a SQL statement.

public string $separator ' '
$typeMap public property

The abstract column types mapped to physical column types. This is mainly used to support creating/modifying tables using DB-independent data type specifications. Child classes should override this property to declare supported type mappings.

public array $typeMap = []

Method Details

__construct() public method

Constructor.

public void __construct ( $connection, $config = [] )
$connection yii\db\Connection

The database connection.

$config array

Name-value pairs that will be used to initialize the object properties

addCheck() public method (available since version 2.0.13)

Creates a SQL command for adding a check constraint to an existing table.

public string addCheck ( $name, $table, $expression )
$name string

The name of the check constraint. The name will be properly quoted by the method.

$table string

The table that the check constraint will be added to. The name will be properly quoted by the method.

$expression string

The SQL of the CHECK constraint.

return string

The SQL statement for adding a check constraint to an existing table.

addColumn() public method

Builds a SQL statement for adding a new DB column.

public string addColumn ( $table, $column, $type )
$table string

The table that the new column will be added to. The table name will be properly quoted by the method.

$column string

The name of the new column. The name will be properly quoted by the method.

$type string

The column type. The getColumnType() method will be invoked to convert abstract column type (if any) into the physical one. Anything that is not recognized as abstract type will be kept in the generated SQL. For example, 'string' will be turned into 'varchar(255)', while 'string not null' will become 'varchar(255) not null'.

return string

The SQL statement for adding a new column.

addCommentOnColumn() public method (available since version 2.0.8)

Builds a SQL command for adding comment to column.

public string addCommentOnColumn ( $table, $column, $comment )
$table string

The table whose column is to be commented. The table name will be properly quoted by the method.

$column string

The name of the column to be commented. The column name will be properly quoted by the method.

$comment string

The text of the comment to be added. The comment will be properly quoted by the method.

return string

The SQL statement for adding comment on column

addCommentOnTable() public method (available since version 2.0.8)

Builds a SQL command for adding comment to table.

public string addCommentOnTable ( $table, $comment )
$table string

The table whose column is to be commented. The table name will be properly quoted by the method.

$comment string

The text of the comment to be added. The comment will be properly quoted by the method.

return string

The SQL statement for adding comment on table

addDefaultValue() public method (available since version 2.0.13)

Creates a SQL command for adding a default value constraint to an existing table.

public string addDefaultValue ( $name, $table, $column, $value )
$name string

The name of the default value constraint. The name will be properly quoted by the method.

$table string

The table that the default value constraint will be added to. The name will be properly quoted by the method.

$column string

The name of the column to that the constraint will be added on. The name will be properly quoted by the method.

$value mixed

Default value.

return string

The SQL statement for adding a default value constraint to an existing table.

throws yii\base\NotSupportedException

if this is not supported by the underlying DBMS.

addForeignKey() public method

Builds a SQL statement for adding a foreign key constraint to an existing table.

The method will properly quote the table and column names.

public string addForeignKey ( $name, $table, $columns, $refTable, $refColumns, $delete null, $update null )
$name string

The name of the foreign key constraint.

$table string

The table that the foreign key constraint will be added to.

$columns string|array

The name of the column to that the constraint will be added on. If there are multiple columns, separate them with commas or use an array to represent them.

$refTable string

The table that the foreign key references to.

$refColumns string|array

The name of the column that the foreign key references to. If there are multiple columns, separate them with commas or use an array to represent them.

$delete string

The ON DELETE option. Most DBMS support these options: RESTRICT, CASCADE, NO ACTION, SET DEFAULT, SET NULL

$update string

The ON UPDATE option. Most DBMS support these options: RESTRICT, CASCADE, NO ACTION, SET DEFAULT, SET NULL

return string

The SQL statement for adding a foreign key constraint to an existing table.

addPrimaryKey() public method

Builds a SQL statement for adding a primary key constraint to an existing table.

public string addPrimaryKey ( $name, $table, $columns )
$name string

The name of the primary key constraint.

$table string

The table that the primary key constraint will be added to.

$columns string|array

Comma separated string or array of columns that the primary key will consist of.

return string

The SQL statement for adding a primary key constraint to an existing table.

addUnique() public method (available since version 2.0.13)

Creates a SQL command for adding an unique constraint to an existing table.

public string addUnique ( $name, $table, $columns )
$name string

The name of the unique constraint. The name will be properly quoted by the method.

$table string

The table that the unique constraint will be added to. The name will be properly quoted by the method.

$columns string|array

The name of the column to that the constraint will be added on. If there are multiple columns, separate them with commas. The name will be properly quoted by the method.

return string

The SQL statement for adding an unique constraint to an existing table.

alterColumn() public method

Builds a SQL statement for changing the definition of a column.

public string alterColumn ( $table, $column, $type )
$table string

The table whose column is to be changed. The table name will be properly quoted by the method.

$column string

The name of the column to be changed. The name will be properly quoted by the method.

$type string

The new column type. The getColumnType() method will be invoked to convert abstract column type (if any) into the physical one. Anything that is not recognized as abstract type will be kept in the generated SQL. For example, 'string' will be turned into 'varchar(255)', while 'string not null' will become 'varchar(255) not null'.

return string

The SQL statement for changing the definition of a column.

batchInsert() public method

Generates a batch INSERT SQL statement.

For example,

$sql = $queryBuilder->batchInsert('user', ['name', 'age'], [
    ['Tom', 30],
    ['Jane', 20],
    ['Linda', 25],
]);

Note that the values in each row must match the corresponding column names.

The method will properly escape the column names, and quote the values to be inserted.

public string batchInsert ( $table, $columns, $rows )
$table string

The table that new rows will be inserted into.

$columns array

The column names

$rows array|Generator

The rows to be batch inserted into the table

return string

The batch INSERT SQL statement

build() public method

Generates a SELECT SQL statement from a yii\db\Query object.

public array build ( $query, $params = [] )
$query yii\db\Query

The yii\db\Query object from which the SQL statement will be generated.

$params array

The parameters to be bound to the generated SQL statement. These parameters will be included in the result with the additional parameters generated during the query building process.

return array

The generated SQL statement (the first array element) and the corresponding parameters to be bound to the SQL statement (the second array element). The parameters returned include those provided in $params.

buildAndCondition() public method

Connects two or more SQL expressions with the AND or OR operator.

public string buildAndCondition ( $operator, $operands, &$params )
$operator string

The operator to use for connecting the given operands

$operands array

The SQL expressions to connect.

$params array

The binding parameters to be populated

return string

The generated SQL expression

buildBetweenCondition() public method

Creates an SQL expressions with the BETWEEN operator.

public string buildBetweenCondition ( $operator, $operands, &$params )
$operator string

The operator to use (e.g. BETWEEN or NOT BETWEEN)

$operands array

The first operand is the column name. The second and third operands describe the interval that column value should be in.

$params array

The binding parameters to be populated

return string

The generated SQL expression

throws yii\base\InvalidParamException

if wrong number of operands have been given.

buildColumns() public method

Processes columns and properly quotes them if necessary.

It will join all columns into a string with comma as separators.

public string buildColumns ( $columns )
$columns string|array

The columns to be processed

return string

The processing result

buildCompositeInCondition() protected method

Builds SQL for IN condition.

protected string buildCompositeInCondition ( $operator, $columns, $values, &$params )
$operator string
$columns array|Traversable
$values array
$params array
return string

SQL

buildCondition() public method

Parses the condition specification and generates the corresponding SQL expression.

public string buildCondition ( $condition, &$params )
$condition string|array|yii\db\Expression

The condition specification. Please refer to yii\db\Query::where() on how to specify a condition.

$params array

The binding parameters to be populated

return string

The generated SQL expression

buildExistsCondition() public method

Creates an SQL expressions with the EXISTS operator.

public string buildExistsCondition ( $operator, $operands, &$params )
$operator string

The operator to use (e.g. EXISTS or NOT EXISTS)

$operands array

Contains only one element which is a yii\db\Query object representing the sub-query.

$params array

The binding parameters to be populated

return string

The generated SQL expression

throws yii\base\InvalidParamException

if the operand is not a yii\db\Query object.

buildFrom() public method

public string buildFrom ( $tables, &$params )
$tables array
$params array

The binding parameters to be populated

return string

The FROM clause built from yii\db\Query::$from.

buildGroupBy() public method

public string buildGroupBy ( $columns )
$columns array
return string

The GROUP BY clause

buildHashCondition() public method

Creates a condition based on column-value pairs.

public string buildHashCondition ( $condition, &$params )
$condition array

The condition specification.

$params array

The binding parameters to be populated

return string

The generated SQL expression

buildHaving() public method

public string buildHaving ( $condition, &$params )
$condition string|array
$params array

The binding parameters to be populated

return string

The HAVING clause built from yii\db\Query::$having.

buildInCondition() public method

Creates an SQL expressions with the IN operator.

public string buildInCondition ( $operator, $operands, &$params )
$operator string

The operator to use (e.g. IN or NOT IN)

$operands array

The first operand is the column name. If it is an array a composite IN condition will be generated. The second operand is an array of values that column value should be among. If it is an empty array the generated expression will be a false value if operator is IN and empty if operator is NOT IN.

$params array

The binding parameters to be populated

return string

The generated SQL expression

throws yii\db\Exception

if wrong number of operands have been given.

buildJoin() public method

public string buildJoin ( $joins, &$params )
$joins array
$params array

The binding parameters to be populated

return string

The JOIN clause built from yii\db\Query::$join.

throws yii\db\Exception

if the $joins parameter is not in proper format

buildLikeCondition() public method

Creates an SQL expressions with the LIKE operator.

public string buildLikeCondition ( $operator, $operands, &$params )
$operator string

The operator to use (e.g. LIKE, NOT LIKE, OR LIKE or OR NOT LIKE)

$operands array

An array of two or three operands

  • The first operand is the column name.
  • The second operand is a single value or an array of values that column value should be compared with. If it is an empty array the generated expression will be a false value if operator is LIKE or OR LIKE, and empty if operator is NOT LIKE or OR NOT LIKE.
  • An optional third operand can also be provided to specify how to escape special characters in the value(s). The operand should be an array of mappings from the special characters to their escaped counterparts. If this operand is not provided, a default escape mapping will be used. You may use false or an empty array to indicate the values are already escaped and no escape should be applied. Note that when using an escape mapping (or the third operand is not provided), the values will be automatically enclosed within a pair of percentage characters.
$params array

The binding parameters to be populated

return string

The generated SQL expression

throws yii\base\InvalidParamException

if wrong number of operands have been given.

buildLimit() public method

public string buildLimit ( $limit, $offset )
$limit integer
$offset integer
return string

The LIMIT and OFFSET clauses

buildNotCondition() public method

Inverts an SQL expressions with NOT operator.

public string buildNotCondition ( $operator, $operands, &$params )
$operator string

The operator to use for connecting the given operands

$operands array

The SQL expressions to connect.

$params array

The binding parameters to be populated

return string

The generated SQL expression

throws yii\base\InvalidParamException

if wrong number of operands have been given.

buildOrderBy() public method

public string buildOrderBy ( $columns )
$columns array
return string

The ORDER BY clause built from yii\db\Query::$orderBy.

buildOrderByAndLimit() public method

Builds the ORDER BY and LIMIT/OFFSET clauses and appends them to the given SQL.

public string buildOrderByAndLimit ( $sql, $orderBy, $limit, $offset )
$sql string

The existing SQL (without ORDER BY/LIMIT/OFFSET)

$orderBy array

The order by columns. See yii\db\Query::orderBy() for more details on how to specify this parameter.

$limit integer

The limit number. See yii\db\Query::limit() for more details.

$offset integer

The offset number. See yii\db\Query::offset() for more details.

return string

The SQL completed with ORDER BY/LIMIT/OFFSET (if any)

buildSelect() public method

public string buildSelect ( $columns, &$params, $distinct false, $selectOption null )
$columns array
$params array

The binding parameters to be populated

$distinct boolean
$selectOption string
return string

The SELECT clause built from yii\db\Query::$select.

buildSimpleCondition() public method

Creates an SQL expressions like "column" operator value.

public string buildSimpleCondition ( $operator, $operands, &$params )
$operator string

The operator to use. Anything could be used e.g. >, <=, etc.

$operands array

Contains two column names.

$params array

The binding parameters to be populated

return string

The generated SQL expression

throws yii\base\InvalidParamException

if wrong number of operands have been given.

buildSubqueryInCondition() protected method

Builds SQL for IN condition.

protected string buildSubqueryInCondition ( $operator, $columns, $values, &$params )
$operator string
$columns array
$values yii\db\Query
$params array
return string

SQL

buildUnion() public method

public string buildUnion ( $unions, &$params )
$unions array
$params array

The binding parameters to be populated

return string

The UNION clause built from yii\db\Query::$union.

buildWhere() public method

public string buildWhere ( $condition, &$params )
$condition string|array
$params array

The binding parameters to be populated

return string

The WHERE clause built from yii\db\Query::$where.

checkIntegrity() public method

Builds a SQL statement for enabling or disabling integrity check.

public string checkIntegrity ( $check true, $schema '', $table '' )
$check boolean

Whether to turn on or off the integrity check.

$schema string

The schema of the tables. Defaults to empty string, meaning the current or default schema.

$table string

The table name. Defaults to empty string, meaning that no table will be changed.

return string

The SQL statement for checking integrity

throws yii\base\NotSupportedException

if this is not supported by the underlying DBMS

createIndex() public method

Builds a SQL statement for creating a new index.

public string createIndex ( $name, $table, $columns, $unique false )
$name string

The name of the index. The name will be properly quoted by the method.

$table string

The table that the new index will be created for. The table name will be properly quoted by the method.

$columns string|array

The column(s) that should be included in the index. If there are multiple columns, separate them with commas or use an array to represent them. Each column name will be properly quoted by the method, unless a parenthesis is found in the name.

$unique boolean

Whether to add UNIQUE constraint on the created index.

return string

The SQL statement for creating a new index.

createTable() public method

Builds a SQL statement for creating a new DB table.

The columns in the new table should be specified as name-definition pairs (e.g. 'name' => 'string'), where name stands for a column name which will be properly quoted by the method, and definition stands for the column type which can contain an abstract DB type. The getColumnType() method will be invoked to convert any abstract type into a physical one.

If a column is specified with definition only (e.g. 'PRIMARY KEY (name, type)'), it will be directly inserted into the generated SQL.

For example,

$sql = $queryBuilder->createTable('user', [
 'id' => 'pk',
 'name' => 'string',
 'age' => 'integer',
]);
public string createTable ( $table, $columns, $options null )
$table string

The name of the table to be created. The name will be properly quoted by the method.

$columns array

The columns (name => definition) in the new table.

$options string

Additional SQL fragment that will be appended to the generated SQL.

return string

The SQL statement for creating a new DB table.

delete() public method

Creates a DELETE SQL statement.

For example,

$sql = $queryBuilder->delete('user', 'status = 0');

The method will properly escape the table and column names.

public string delete ( $table, $condition, &$params )
$table string

The table where the data will be deleted from.

$condition array|string

The condition that will be put in the WHERE part. Please refer to yii\db\Query::where() on how to specify condition.

$params array

The binding parameters that will be modified by this method so that they can be bound to the DB command later.

return string

The DELETE SQL

dropCheck() public method (available since version 2.0.13)

Creates a SQL command for dropping a check constraint.

public string dropCheck ( $name, $table )
$name string

The name of the check constraint to be dropped. The name will be properly quoted by the method.

$table string

The table whose check constraint is to be dropped. The name will be properly quoted by the method.

return string

The SQL statement for dropping a check constraint.

dropColumn() public method

Builds a SQL statement for dropping a DB column.

public string dropColumn ( $table, $column )
$table string

The table whose column is to be dropped. The name will be properly quoted by the method.

$column string

The name of the column to be dropped. The name will be properly quoted by the method.

return string

The SQL statement for dropping a DB column.

dropCommentFromColumn() public method (available since version 2.0.8)

Builds a SQL command for adding comment to column.

public string dropCommentFromColumn ( $table, $column )
$table string

The table whose column is to be commented. The table name will be properly quoted by the method.

$column string

The name of the column to be commented. The column name will be properly quoted by the method.

return string

The SQL statement for adding comment on column

dropCommentFromTable() public method (available since version 2.0.8)

Builds a SQL command for adding comment to table.

public string dropCommentFromTable ( $table )
$table string

The table whose column is to be commented. The table name will be properly quoted by the method.

return string

The SQL statement for adding comment on column

dropDefaultValue() public method (available since version 2.0.13)

Creates a SQL command for dropping a default value constraint.

public string dropDefaultValue ( $name, $table )
$name string

The name of the default value constraint to be dropped. The name will be properly quoted by the method.

$table string

The table whose default value constraint is to be dropped. The name will be properly quoted by the method.

return string

The SQL statement for dropping a default value constraint.

throws yii\base\NotSupportedException

if this is not supported by the underlying DBMS.

dropForeignKey() public method

Builds a SQL statement for dropping a foreign key constraint.

public string dropForeignKey ( $name, $table )
$name string

The name of the foreign key constraint to be dropped. The name will be properly quoted by the method.

$table string

The table whose foreign is to be dropped. The name will be properly quoted by the method.

return string

The SQL statement for dropping a foreign key constraint.

dropIndex() public method

Builds a SQL statement for dropping an index.

public string dropIndex ( $name, $table )
$name string

The name of the index to be dropped. The name will be properly quoted by the method.

$table string

The table whose index is to be dropped. The name will be properly quoted by the method.

return string

The SQL statement for dropping an index.

dropPrimaryKey() public method

Builds a SQL statement for removing a primary key constraint to an existing table.

public string dropPrimaryKey ( $name, $table )
$name string

The name of the primary key constraint to be removed.

$table string

The table that the primary key constraint will be removed from.

return string

The SQL statement for removing a primary key constraint from an existing table.

dropTable() public method

Builds a SQL statement for dropping a DB table.

public string dropTable ( $table )
$table string

The table to be dropped. The name will be properly quoted by the method.

return string

The SQL statement for dropping a DB table.

dropUnique() public method (available since version 2.0.13)

Creates a SQL command for dropping an unique constraint.

public string dropUnique ( $name, $table )
$name string

The name of the unique constraint to be dropped. The name will be properly quoted by the method.

$table string

The table whose unique constraint is to be dropped. The name will be properly quoted by the method.

return string

The SQL statement for dropping an unique constraint.

getColumnType() public method

Converts an abstract column type into a physical column type.

The conversion is done using the type map specified in $typeMap. The following abstract column types are supported (using MySQL as an example to explain the corresponding physical types):

  • pk: an auto-incremental primary key type, will be converted into "int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT PRIMARY KEY"
  • bigpk: an auto-incremental primary key type, will be converted into "bigint(20) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT PRIMARY KEY"
  • upk: an unsigned auto-incremental primary key type, will be converted into "int(10) UNSIGNED NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT PRIMARY KEY"
  • char: char type, will be converted into "char(1)"
  • string: string type, will be converted into "varchar(255)"
  • text: a long string type, will be converted into "text"
  • smallint: a small integer type, will be converted into "smallint(6)"
  • integer: integer type, will be converted into "int(11)"
  • bigint: a big integer type, will be converted into "bigint(20)"
  • boolean: boolean type, will be converted into "tinyint(1)"
  • float`: float number type, will be converted into "float"
  • decimal: decimal number type, will be converted into "decimal"
  • datetime: datetime type, will be converted into "datetime"
  • timestamp: timestamp type, will be converted into "timestamp"
  • time: time type, will be converted into "time"
  • date: date type, will be converted into "date"
  • money: money type, will be converted into "decimal(19,4)"
  • binary: binary data type, will be converted into "blob"

If the abstract type contains two or more parts separated by spaces (e.g. "string NOT NULL"), then only the first part will be converted, and the rest of the parts will be appended to the converted result. For example, 'string NOT NULL' is converted to 'varchar(255) NOT NULL'.

For some of the abstract types you can also specify a length or precision constraint by appending it in round brackets directly to the type. For example string(32) will be converted into "varchar(32)" on a MySQL database. If the underlying DBMS does not support these kind of constraints for a type it will be ignored.

If a type cannot be found in $typeMap, it will be returned without any change.

public string getColumnType ( $type )
$type string|yii\db\ColumnSchemaBuilder

Abstract column type

return string

Physical column type.

hasLimit() protected method

Checks to see if the given limit is effective.

protected boolean hasLimit ( $limit )
$limit mixed

The given limit

return boolean

Whether the limit is effective

hasOffset() protected method

Checks to see if the given offset is effective.

protected boolean hasOffset ( $offset )
$offset mixed

The given offset

return boolean

Whether the offset is effective

insert() public method

Creates an INSERT SQL statement.

For example,

$sql = $queryBuilder->insert('user', [
    'name' => 'Sam',
    'age' => 30,
], $params);

The method will properly escape the table and column names.

public string insert ( $table, $columns, &$params )
$table string

The table that new rows will be inserted into.

$columns array|yii\db\Query

The column data (name => value) to be inserted into the table or instance of \yii\db\yii\db\Query to perform INSERT INTO ... SELECT SQL statement. Passing of \yii\db\yii\db\Query is available since version 2.0.11.

$params array

The binding parameters that will be generated by this method. They should be bound to the DB command later.

return string

The INSERT SQL

prepareInsertSelectSubQuery() protected method (available since version 2.0.11)

Prepare select-subquery and field names for INSERT INTO .

.. SELECT SQL statement.

protected array prepareInsertSelectSubQuery ( $columns, $schema, $params = [] )
$columns yii\db\Query

Object, which represents select query.

$schema yii\db\Schema

Schema object to quote column name.

$params array

The parameters to be bound to the generated SQL statement. These parameters will be included in the result with the additional parameters generated during the query building process.

throws yii\base\InvalidParamException

if query's select does not contain named parameters only.

renameColumn() public method

Builds a SQL statement for renaming a column.

public string renameColumn ( $table, $oldName, $newName )
$table string

The table whose column is to be renamed. The name will be properly quoted by the method.

$oldName string

The old name of the column. The name will be properly quoted by the method.

$newName string

The new name of the column. The name will be properly quoted by the method.

return string

The SQL statement for renaming a DB column.

renameTable() public method

Builds a SQL statement for renaming a DB table.

public string renameTable ( $oldName, $newName )
$oldName string

The table to be renamed. The name will be properly quoted by the method.

$newName string

The new table name. The name will be properly quoted by the method.

return string

The SQL statement for renaming a DB table.

resetSequence() public method

Creates a SQL statement for resetting the sequence value of a table's primary key.

The sequence will be reset such that the primary key of the next new row inserted will have the specified value or 1.

public string resetSequence ( $table, $value null )
$table string

The name of the table whose primary key sequence will be reset

$value array|string

The value for the primary key of the next new row inserted. If this is not set, the next new row's primary key will have a value 1.

return string

The SQL statement for resetting sequence

throws yii\base\NotSupportedException

if this is not supported by the underlying DBMS

selectExists() public method (available since version 2.0.8)

Creates a SELECT EXISTS() SQL statement.

public string selectExists ( $rawSql )
$rawSql string

The subquery in a raw form to select from.

return string

The SELECT EXISTS() SQL statement.

truncateTable() public method

Builds a SQL statement for truncating a DB table.

public string truncateTable ( $table )
$table string

The table to be truncated. The name will be properly quoted by the method.

return string

The SQL statement for truncating a DB table.

update() public method

Creates an UPDATE SQL statement.

For example,

$params = [];
$sql = $queryBuilder->update('user', ['status' => 1], 'age > 30', $params);

The method will properly escape the table and column names.

public string update ( $table, $columns, $condition, &$params )
$table string

The table to be updated.

$columns array

The column data (name => value) to be updated.

$condition array|string

The condition that will be put in the WHERE part. Please refer to yii\db\Query::where() on how to specify condition.

$params array

The binding parameters that will be modified by this method so that they can be bound to the DB command later.

return string

The UPDATE SQL